Programmers work with several variables in the Bash scripts. So verifying whether a variable is empty or not is a crucial task in Bash scripting. By ensuring the emptiness of variables, programmers can handle different scenarios and enhance the reliability of their scripts. This article explores various techniques and commands for checking if a Bash variable is empty or not. So, gain the skills to write robust and error-resistant code.
- Getting familiar with the process of checking whether a bash variable is empty using the -n flag and double bracket.
- Knowing about the usage of the double bracket to check whether a Bash variable is empty.
2 Methods to Check Whether Bash Variable is Empty
Checking whether a Bash variable is empty or not is a crucial task for any programmer. Here, I will show you two methods of checking if the Bash variable is empty.
Method 01: Using Flag -n to Check Bash Variable Whether It is Empty
Checking a Bash variable whether it is empty or not, is a crucial task. Here, I have developed a Bash script that can perform the task with if condition and. To do so, follow the below procedures.
❶ At first, launch an Ubuntu Terminal.
❷ Write the following command to open a file in Nano:
❸ Copy the script mentioned below:
#!/bin/bash var="" #NULL is set as the value of var variable if [ -n "$var" ]; then echo "Variable is $var" #check the value of var variable if found, then print this line with the value of var on the terminal else echo "Variable is empty" #if the value of var is not found means it is empty, then prints this line on the terminal fi
❹ Press CTRL+O and ENTER to save the file; CTRL+X to exit.
➎ Run the script by the following command:
The above image shows that I have checked the variable and printed the message “Variable is empty” on the terminal using a Bash script.
Method 02: Using Double Brackets to Check if a Bash Variable is Empty
In this section, I will develop a Bash script using double brackets to check if a Bash variable is empty. To know about the process, follow the below script.
Script (double.sh) >
#!/bin/bash NAME="" #NAME variable is set # Define the command to check if the variable is empty check_empty_command='[[ ! -n "$NAME" ]] && echo "Name is empty"' # Execute the command using bash -c bash -c "$check_empty_command"
Run the script by the following command:
The bash script has checked and printed the message that the variable is empty.
In this article, I have shown you two methods of checking whether a Bash variable is empty. Now I will show you a comparative analysis of these two methods.
If you want to create a Bash script with easy-to-understand commands you can follow method 1. But if you need to create a concise script, you can follow method 2.
In conclusion, checking if a Bash variable is empty is essential in shell scripting. By using a double bracket with the ‘-z’ operator or the ‘-n’ operator, we can easily determine if a variable is empty or not. These techniques provide effective ways to verify empty variables, ensuring robust and accurate scripts. Mastering variables checks allows for better data validation and script reliability. Remember to consider variable expansion and quoting to ensure accurate evaluations. With these methods, you can confidently check empty variables in Bash scripts.