[SOLVED] “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” Error

The error “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” indicates a problem with line endings in the script. The “^M” character suggests Windows-style line endings (\r\n) are present instead of Unix-style line endings (\n). To resolve this, convert the file to Unix format using the dos2unix or tr command. This article will discuss the method with detailed illustrations along with other alternative methods.

Why the “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” Error Occurs in Bash?

The “/bin/bash^M:bad interpreter: No such file or directory” error in Bash typically occurs due to incorrect line endings in the script file, especially when the script was created or edited on a Windows system and then transferred to a Unix-based system. So whenever you try to execute the bash file which was previously created in a Windows system, you will encounter this error. Here, the “^M” character sequence represents a carriage return (CR) character, which is not recognized as part of the interpreter path.

bin bash m bad interpreter No such file or directory error in command lineYou can check the file type of your script to further solidify the reason behind this error.

To check the file type, use the following command:

file script.sh

Check the File FormatThe error message indicates that the script was written in a Windows environment, which uses CRLF line endings. Thus the script will occur “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” if you execute this bash file.

4 Different Ways to Fix “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” Error in Bash

Here are 4 different ways you can use to fix the “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” error in Bash:

1. Using “dos2unix” Program

You can use the dos2unix program to convert text files from DOS/Windows line endings (CRLF) to Unix/Linux line endings (LF).

To install the dos2unix program in Ubuntu, use the following command:

sudo apt-get install dos2unix

Installing dos2unix in linuxNow, To change the script file from DOS/Windows line endings (CRLF) to Unix/Linux line endings (LF), use the following command:

dos2unix script.sh

Converting file using dos2unix

Finally, run the script and see successful execution of the file, which implies that the script is no longer in CRLF mode:

 Running the script

2. Using the “tr” Command

If you don’t want to install an external command to change the mode of the text file, Linux already has a built-in tool to remove these newlines. Using the tr command, you can remove the \r part from the line endings and have only the \n terminators.

To change the script file from CRLF to LF mode and remove the possibility of “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory”, use the following command:

tr -d '\r' < script.sh > script_unix.sh
Note: Here script.sh is in CRLF mode and script_unix.sh is the converted file in LF mode.

Converting the bash file to LF mode using the “tr” Command to fix bin bash m bad interpreter errorNow change the file permission for the newly created script_unix.sh file using the command below:

chmod u+x script_unix.sh

Then run the script in your terminal:

Change the file permission and run the scriptFrom the image, you can see the script_unix.sh script can now be executed successfully and there is no “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” error in the command line.

3. Using “sed” Command

To replace Windows line endings (CRLF) with Unix line endings (LF) directly, use the sed command in your script file:

sed -i 's/\r//' script.sh
Note: Here script.sh is the script name that you want to change from CRLF to LF.

Using “sed” Command to fix bin bash m bad interpreter errorUpon executing the bash code, as you see the “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” error is no longer in the command line.

4. Converting Line Ending in Notepad++

If you are using Notepad++ to edit code, convert line endings to solve the “/bin/bsh^M: bad interpreter” error. This is useful when you use Notepad++ for Windows and for converting the line endings before moving to your Linux environment.

To convert the line ending in your script, first, open the file in Notepad++.

Bash code in Notepad++Then, go to Edit, click on EOL Conversion, and click on Unix (LF).

 Change the file type from CRLF to LF

Make sure to save the script before using it in your Linux environment.

Now, if you want to avoid this repetitive task of converting the line ending, you can opt for the default mode.

To use Unix line endings in Notepad++ files by default, open Settings >> Preferences >> New Document

Changing the file type in default modeThen click on the “New Document” tab from the Preferences dialog box and click on the Radio button for Unix (LF). At last, close the dialog box by clicking the close button:

Changing the file type in default modeThus, you will be able to generate a script with a Unix line ending.


To sum up, using the correct line ending is essential for displaying or executing a file, especially for shell scripts. If your script contains CRLF line terminators, you will encounter a “/bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: No such file or directory” error during the execution. I hope the solutions discussed in this article will prove to be a valuable resource to rectify the problem. Please feel free to comment below if you have any questions or queries related to this. Thank you.

People Also Ask

How to fix bin bash m bad interpreter error?

To fix the “bad interpreter” error, ensure that the shebang line at the beginning of the script correctly points to a valid interpreter path, such as #!/bin/bash for a Bash script. Verify that the path to the interpreter is accurate and the interpreter is installed on your system. If there is any issue in the shebang line then correct the discrepancies, save the file, and attempt to run the script again.

What is a bad interpreter error in the shell?

The “bad interpreter” error in shell scripting typically occurs when the shebang line at the beginning of a script specifies an invalid or non-existent interpreter path. The line begins with “#!”, which indicates the path to the interpreter that should execute the script. If this path is incorrect or the specified interpreter is not installed on the system, then the error occurs. It’s crucial to ensure that the shebang line points to the correct interpreter path,like #!/bin/bash for a Bash script, and that the specified interpreter is available on the system.

What is the use of #!/bin/bash?

The line #!/bin/bash at the beginning of a script is known as a shebang or hashbang that specifies which interpreter to use when executing the script. In this case, #!/bin/bash tells the system to use the Bash shell will interpret and execute the commands in the script. This line is essential for ensuring that the script runs with the correct interpreter, especially if it’s meant to be executed directly from the command line or via another script.

Why is my “bin/bash” not working?

There are a couple of reasons why you might be encountering issues with “bin/bash.” The most common reason is the shebang line in bash scripts. This line, typically the first line of the script, specifies the interpreter needed to run the script. For bash scripts, this should be “#!/bin/bash.” Make sure this line is present and spelled correctly.

Another possibility is an issue with the bash path itself. In rare cases, the system might not be able to find the bash program. You can verify the path using the which bash command. Normally, it should point to “/bin/bash.” If it’s different or the command fails, there might be a system configuration issue requiring admin intervention.

How to run the dos2unix command?

To run the dos2unix command, first, open a terminal or command prompt on your system. Then, use the dos2unix command followed by the name of the file you want to convert. For example, dos2unix filename.txt will convert the filename.txt from DOS/Windows line endings to Unix line endings. Typically the dos2unix command is used to convert text files between different newline formats, specifically from DOS/Windows (\r\n) to Unix/Linux (\n) newline format.

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Mohammad Shah Miran

Hey, I'm Mohammad Shah Miran, previously worked as a VBA and Excel Content Developer at SOFTEKO, and for now working as a Linux Content Developer Executive in LinuxSimply Project. I completed my graduation from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET). As a part of my job, i communicate with Linux operating system, without letting the GUI to intervene and try to pass it to our audience.

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